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Now, with regard to my dart in the map, he said, “If you are interested in geochemistry, the composition of the oil from those seeps has not been studied. Is it Paleozoic highsulphur oil? Mesozoic low-sulphur oil? Tertiary low-sulphur oil? One needs to know the quality of the oil and the depth of the reservoir rock.” His tone seemed to exclude both emotion and opinion. “If you’re interested in geophysics, what kinds of seismic reflections do you get from rocks below the volcanics?” he went on. “Can they be interpreted in a way that works out the prevolcanic structures? In terms of volcanic chemistry, what kinds of alteration of these Eocene volcanic rocks have occurred because of thermal activity and migration of oil into these rocks? None of this has ever been explored. In the regional context, a geologist cannot ignore the possibilities where that dart hit. A scientist, as a scientist, does not determine what should be the public policy in terms of exploration for oil and gas.” No rock could be more volcanic than the rock of Yellowstone Gorge-rose-and-burgundy, burnt-sienna, yellowcake-yellow Yellowstone¬†zakelijke energie vergelijken Gorge-where petroleum comes out of the walls with hot water and steam. In i939, when the National Park Service was digging abutments for a bridge downriver from the gorge, the National Park Service struck oil. Several workers, overcome by fumes of sulphur, died. These nagging facts notwithstanding, it was conventional wisdom in geology that where you found volcanics you would not find oil. In the nineteen-sixties, Love went out for a wider look For example, he went on horseback into the Yellowstone backcountry carrying a four-foot steel rod. Twenty miles from the trailhead, he found swamps that were something like tar pits. When he jammed the rod into a swamp, a cream-colored fluid welled up. He put it in a bottle. In a day’s time, the mixture had separated, and much of it was clear amber oil. In pursuing this project, the environmentalist within him balked, the user of resources preferred the resources somewhere else, but the scientist rode on with the rod. He knew he would bring scorn upon himself, but he was not about to stifle his science for anybody’s beliefs or opinions. He did lose friends, including zakelijke energie some Friends of the Earth. He lost friends in the Wilderness Society and the Sierra Club as well. To them, the Yellowstone oil was only the beginning of the threat he might be raising. The Designated Wilderness Areas of the United States had been selected on the assumption that they were barren of anything as vital as petroleum. “I will admit that it bothers me that I have provoked the wrath of organizations like the Sierra Club,” Love remarked that day in the cabin. “My great-uncle John Muir founded the Sierra Club, and here I am, being a traitor.”

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